Friday, 16 December 2016
Optune OS for rGBM (at first recurrence)
I initially dismissed the idea of using the Optune device because the OS for rGBM in the EF-11 trial (as shown on the Optune website) was only 6.6 months vs. 6 months using chemotherapy.
However, since reading the PRiDe (Patient Registry Data) analysis (and Stephen's summary on astrocytomaoptions.com) of Optune users I'm becomming more optimistic. The PRiDe analysis is based on a separate database of 457 patients using Optune outside of clinical trials. The PRiDe analysys parses patient data by the number of recurrences and indicates an OS for patients at first recurrence of 20 months (from the time of recurrence).
The source of this comes directly from the PRiDe study:
The table indicates that Optune works substantially better for 1st recurrence patients than for patients with 2 or more recurrences.
It appears that the reason the OS of 6.6 months from the EF-11 study is so much shorter (6.6 vs. 20 months) is because only 9% of the patients in the EF-11 study were at first recurrence (i.e. if 91% of the patients were at 2 or more recurrences and if these patients do much worse, then the OS of the entire group is heavily weighted towards patients with more than one recurrence - resulting in a much lower overall surviva).
The source of this is also shown within the PRiDe study:
It was pointed out to me that there are some flaws with the PRiDe data:
1. The research was based on patients outside of a clinical trial, so these patients may have used additional treatments.
2. The OS of 20 months comes from limited follow through data in that the 20 month OS is really based on the average of a range of 14 months to 26 months from the Kaplan-Meier data. I’m a little ignorant when it comes to Kaplan-Meier data, but somehow they use averages when there is insufficient follow-up data . It was explained to me that the 20 month OS is likely overstating the true OS, but it can still be concluded that the OS for first recurrence using the Optune (and possibly additional treatments) was at least 14 months.
So my understanding of the data is that patients using the Optune at first recurrence would have an expectecd OS (from recurrence) of closer to 14 months than the 6.6 months from the EF-11 study.
The PriDe paper is in the library that Stephen W put together.